Symptoms And Preventative Measures Of Heart Disease

As we get older, the arteries surrounding the heart become smaller and smaller as fatty deposits stick to the walls of the veins and arteries surrounding the heart. As this happens, the flow of oxygen is restricted and the heart becomes oxygen starved. This is the time that a heart attack occurs. There are several things to look for that are signs of heart disease and ways that you can prevent it.

Someone can have severe coronary artery disease (CAD) without experiencing a heart attack or experiencing any chest pains. If you experience any of the following symptoms, even occasionally, seek the attention or advice of your doctor.

-Chest pain
-Shortness of breath
-Palpitations (an irregular heartbeat, skipped beats, or a flip-flop feeling in your chest
-Fast or racing heartbeat
-Sweating (not due to exercise)

The most common symptom is chest pain or angina. This can be described as and uncomfortable feeling usually felt in the chest just below the breastbone. There are other places that the discomfort or pain can be felt including the left shoulder (because your heart is on the left side of your body), arms, neck, throat, jaw or even your back. Angina has often been described as a heavy feeling or aching, burning, fullness and squeezing. The symptoms often resemble those of heartburn or indigestion. Get emergency treatment if the feeling lasts for more than about 15 minutes.

For those who have not experienced a heart attack or who have not displayed symptoms of coronary artery disease can work these preventative measures into their lifestyle to greatly reduce the risk of heart disease.

-Quit smoking! This includes not only cigarette smokers, but pipe and cigar smokers as well. Even smoking just one cigarette per day can double the risk of a hear attack.

-Lower your cholesterol. Cholesterol in the body produces fatty substances which can clog the arteries or greatly reduce the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart. If your cholesterol level is above 200 mg you are at risk. Women should have a cholesterol profile done every year beginning at age 40 and men at age 30. If there is a history of heart disease in the family, cholesterol levels should be checked each year beginning at age 20.

-Raise your HDL levels of cholesterol. HDL is the good cholesterol. This is the cholesterol that carries the bad cholesterol away from the arteries back to the liver. From there it is removed from the bloodstream.

-Reduce high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force applied in your arteries as your heart beats. The higher your blood pressure, the harder your heart and kidneys are working and this in turn increases your risk of heart disease.

-Maintain a healthy body weight. The more you weigh, the harder your heart has to work. Having excess weight on your body is not healthy and causes your organs to function differently. Women should aim to have a waist measurement of less than 35 inches and men less than 40. Your body mass index (body fat) should range from 18.5 to 24.9.

-Exercise. Moderate exercise for about 30 minutes a day for at least 3 days is all that is required to gain the benefits.

-Eat heart healthy foods. Fatty foods with increased sugar and fat levels do not fall into this category. Fruits, vegetables, proteins, nuts and whole grains do.

-Reduce stress. Stress causes the heart to work overtime, therefore increasing the risk of heart disease.

-Limit alcohol consumption.

If you are uncertain about your health in relation to any of these topics, consult your doctor for advice.

How is 3D printing technology used in Architecture and Medicine

D printing technology is used to manufacture prototypes, tools, and end-user parts directly from a CAD design. This printing technology offers unprecedented flexibility as it can create a part of any dimension out of any material. Some of the 3d printing materials used include metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and many more. The 3D printing technology has complete control over material composition, surface texture, and micro-structure of the prototype. 3D printing technology also allows the user to construct prototypes using two different materials. >

Lets take a look at this amazing technology and how it has affected the field of architecture and medicine:

3D printing for Architecture

Architects know that there is nothing like a physical model of a building when it comes to displaying their work or design concept. Physical models also play an important role when it comes to explaining and convincing the customer while selling a project.

3D printers are affordable and high quality solutions for architects. Building a physical model requires great deal of expertise, precision, and time. 3D printing machines help designers focus on their building design, while the devices make 3D models of the project.

Many architects are not tech-savvy and are not used to operating complex devices. 3D printers do not require human intervention at any stage of the printing process. Architects just need to need to draw a CAD diagram of the project and instruct the 3D printer to build a 3D model. The 3D printer can print the model within a few hours, which can then be presented to the client.

3D printers are capable of producing of 3D models with accuracy and speed without compromising on the finer details of the architectural project. The price of desktop 3D printing machines is not that high and independent architects can also afford them.

3D printing for Medicine

The application of 3D printing technology can also be found in the production of medical devices. There are different 3D printing materials available that can be used to build real parts. For example, manufacturing hearing aids is a complex process because they are custom-fit devices and cannot be mass produced. 3D printing greatly helps in such matters where medical devices need to custom-fit a patient.

The future of the 3D printing technology is very bright. Market experts state that 3D printing technology will be affordable to the masses by the next decade. The prices of 3D printing devices are falling rapidly, and it is believed that the prices of 3D printers will drop by as much as 80% in the next 5-10 years. It will not be a surprise to see 3D printing devices in each household just like refrigerators, washing machines, and televisions.